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张千帆:从街头民主到选举民主时政影响力中国网

Be showed from this, electing the democracy can not replace street democracy.In fact and even if at mature of election democratic nation, the street democracy still keeps developing an important function, because the election is a comprehensive process of overall evaluation the policy mindset of candidate;In this process, many voteses may approve the total policy mindset of particular candidate, like is civil to cure to protect, poor people welfare, collect tax to the rich man, the homosexual marriage legalize etc., but don't necessarily approve an individual policy position, like to the foreign policy of particular nation.When the candidate appears on stage and promulgate this policy of time, the votes only makes an appeal to street protest to express his/her own position.Particularly in the present stage, elect democracy temporarily hard acquire substantial breakthrough, China reforms to still can not get away from street democracy.And election the democracy is different BE, the street democracy is an affairs direction;No matter is a PX engineering still a Shi Fang Mu in Xiamen copper item or Qi eastern pollution to line up sea engineering, the benefits relation of of concrete affairs and participation people pretty much clear, the people's benefits request pretty much explicit, aggressive sex of self-moving participation nature very high.
  In fact, the relation that combines nonentity must be one of these two of the of street democracy and election democracy.Such as Thailand and Burma etc. the reason many people of nations go into the street, just is that election existence severity of embezzle a phenomenon, election don't have the legitimacy and public's trust of the letter of people of ream as a result, but the street protest is necessarily exactly the election democracy that heads for mature norm after distance.At these democracy transformation nation, the ruler can't easily give up the power in his/her own hand, as a result the civic rights that usually makes use of to still control intervention election, keep opposition party from appearing on stage governing.If the pressure with no democracy in street, so electing corruption will recklessly keep on keeping on, leave election can harvest a leave democracy.Respond a tough circumstance in the authorities certainly under, the street democracy unavoidably cleans rifle to go off accidentally, officer's people is in violent conflict, but this way still excels to destroy everything, have no the violent revolution of achievements.If both parties are finally stalemated and reach compromise and all respectively respect the result of law bottom line and ballot creation, so the street democracy rises for elect democracy.In this process, the large citizen also rises to own request more universal election benefits is from the particular benefits and become aware of self pursue the votes of real meaning that the democracy combines maintenance election rule.
  Electing the democracy will biggest promote harmonious and stable
  Compare under, the street democracy of China still limits at concrete affairs currently with particular result, but can not rise to an universal political request of requesting to elect the democracy;Once the government satisfied the people's particular request, the people immediately dismissed to go home and lacked the consciousness and power that the follow-up follows.Under the environment of the local government high pressure"the Wei is steady", the street democracy has already faced very strong risk, its leading to the transition of election democracy then completely doesn't have a condition.Thus, the political setup reform in China then can not push forward, but be free from civic rights misuse and corruption phenomenon of check and supervision to arouse to turn a society an antinomy by all means and further, until break out a violent revolution."Solve bell to return beard to fasten bell person".Want to avoid this kind of the final outcome of nobody wins to officer's people, also depend on central government to pass system reform first, break agreeable people's corrupt official suddenly and violently the people's vicious cycle.Only push forward party and government at the same time the grass-roots democracy experiment and suppress the civic rights invasion citizen's rights and loot a social resource through a norm election, Chinese society can follow the virtuous cycle of votes honest official law-abiding people.Electing the democracy will biggest promote Chinese society of harmonious and stable, biggest the decrease appeals for higher authorities helps, suicides by fire, the suicide type explode or the street protest against etc., the government would not like to see of out of harmony affairs.
  More concretely say, China wants to head for the election democracy of peaceful reasonableness, there is obligation implementation in the center the constitution rules of as follows basic system.One is guarantee grass-roots votes and three choose the person's freedom of speech, forbid place's snuffing out and already decided candidate.If three choose a person since not is decided by the votes itself, also can not and the votes freely communicate exchanges, the votes usually doesn't even know the candidate's names, what meaning does the election like this have?Does the votes how can participate in this kind of nominal election again?Electing process is opaque, then by all means produce various elections to embezzle and buy an officer to sell the officer the phenomenon.Two is a guarantee to elect output power organization in the place and councilmen to develop the working talent that the constitution gives, actively inspect place public power does real fact for local common people, avoiding intervention and stroke the councilmen is a votes service of enthusiasm.If elective body and representative can not for the common people bring actually and really at of advantage, so the votes still could not see election and own relation, as a result can't participate in election on one's own initiative, either and support an elective legitimacy.Three is the news and law direct that the guarantee elects to the place.The center isn't likely to attend to everything personally, don't necessarily know the irregular election behavior that takes place everywhere, as a result have to depend on medium to make public various election corruption phenomenon, and protect a reporting of reporter to freely be free from place civic rights to snuff out.Law controversy that takes place to the election in the process then needs to authorize an existing court or builds up a specialized court to accept and brings election controversy into the rule of law orbit.
  Only so, China can see the election democracy that the street democracy of clues gradually head for stable maturity from the beginning.
                                                                     
Source:Hong Kong economy lead to report 201301
                                                                                                         
                                     Editorrchid heart                                                                       
                                                                    
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